One of the things many watchmakers struggle with is customers who want modern accuracy (or even quartz accuracy) from vintage timepieces. It seems that over the years we have forgotten what was expected of wristwatches 50 years ago. I assure you that there were some very good watches made 50 years ago, and even much before but there were also many mass produced inexpensive watches who were not expected to run like chronometers. Variations of30 seconds a day or more would have been common for a ladies wristwatch of average quality. The following two articles appeared in the Journal of Horology from 1950. They help a young watchmaker like me gain a perspective of what watchmaking was like when these vintage watches were new.